Despite having such a widespread impact on the lives of veterans, the GI Bill remains a mystery to many. Also known as the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, the GI Bill was penned by a Topeka Lawyer by the name of Harry W. Colmery, who forever changed history. TCF's Suzanne Mettler cites the importance of educational benefits to veterans in her book, "Soldiers to Citizens," which is mentioned in the article in tribue to Colmery.
Colmery’s work with the American Legion gave him firsthand knowledge of how poorly many veterans had fared after World War I. Maimed from war, many had little help in returning to civilian life. The Great Depression only added to their struggles.
In 1932, 20,000 unemployed veterans had marched to Washington, seeking promised compensation for their service that had never materialized. President Herbert Hoover called out federal troops, led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, and ran them off.
Read the original article from KansasCity.com.
Learn more about Suzanne Mettler's book Soldiers to Citizens.
The problem of school segregation is far from being eliminated in schools across America. Providence Journal wrote an article explaining that Rhode Island public schools are among the worst offenders of school segregation, even 60 years after the Court ruled segregation as unconstitutional. TCF education fellow Halley Potter defended the case for more school integration, saying:
"There is a huge body of research going back four decades on the benefits of integrated schools," said Halley Potter, a researcher at the Century Foundation, a progressive policy and research group, and co-author of a report on racial and socioeconomic integration.
"For low-income children, it is a huge advantage to go to a school that is socioeconomically mixed. We see that those students have better outcomes on tests scores and better high school graduation rates. Mixed-income schools have an easier time attracting and retaining strong teachers. They tend to be more successful at engaging communities and parents."
Read the full article to learn more about Rhode Island's segregated schools
This week, TCF senior fellow Richard Kahlenberg spoke at a Community Conversation, hosted by UnifiEd, a local nonprofit organization that advocates for educational equality in Hamilton County, Tennessee. The guests at the event were curious about how to inject socioeconomic integration in their school system, and, if possible into the rest of the community.
"Most of the focus [nationally] is on fixing high-poverty schools and accepting that our schools are going to be racially and economically segregated," Kahlenberg told the crowd. "We don't have to accept segregation as inevitable and should look at creative ways, noncoercive ways, to desegregate our public schools."
Read the full article about the review of the event.
TCF senior education fellow Richard Kahlenberg recently made a trip to Hamilton County in Chattanooga, Tennessee where he spoke to the community about socioeconomic integration in schools.
Read the full article about Kahlenberg's trip to the south.
Watch TCF senior education fellow Richard Kahlenberg on American Enterprise Institute's panel titled, "Demographic Changes in Public Education and the Spirit of Brown."
Check out the full panel description and read about the other speakers here.
TCF's 2012 affirmative action report was cited in a Boston.com article, which discussed the many arguments around the Fisher v. Texas case. The case, which questions the legality of using affirmative action in admissions decisions, will be heard next month in court, with a decision to be issued by June 2016.
Statistics show that states that ban affirmative action enroll fewer black and Hispanic freshmen. A 2012 Century Foundation study found that in most states where affirmative action was outlawed, black and Hispanic enrollment at public universities rebounded after an initial drop, going on to exceed the levels before the ban. But the study also showed that in most of those cases, increases didn’t match the growing number of black and Hispanic high school graduates.
Read the full Boston.com article.
Read the full TCF report: A Better Affirmative Action.
Most K-12 education reforms are about trying to make "separate but equal" schools for rich and poor work well. The results of these efforts have been discouraging. The Century Foundation looks at ways to integrate public schools by economic status through public school choice. At the higher education level, we examine ways to open the doors of selective and non-selective institutions to students of modest means.
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